Future Time: How to talk about future

FUTURE TIME: How to speak about future

Future Time: How to talk about future

Will is normally known as the predictive future, and describes known facts, or what we supposes true.

  • I’ll be late home this evening.
  • The company will make a profit next year.

This can also take the form of an assumption.

  • That’ll be Jim at the door. (This means that I suppose it is Jim.)
  • Will is also used to express an immediate decision.
  • /’// take this one.


Be going to describes intentions or plans. At the moment of speaking the plans have already been made.

  • I’m going to wait here until Carol gets back.


Going to is also used to describe an event whose cause is present or evident.

  • Look at that tree! It’s going to fall.


Compare the following with the examples in the first bullet point:

  • I’m going to be late this evening. I’ve got lots of paperwork to finish off.
  • The figures are good. I can see the company is going to make a profit this year.

Decisions expressed with going to refer to a more distant point in the future.


Present continuous describes fixed arrangements, especially social and travel arrangements.

A time reference is usually included. Note the strong similarity to the going to future. / am having a party next week and / am going to have a party next week are communicating the same message.


This describes an event which will be happening at a future point.

  • Come round in the morning. I’ll be painting in the kitchen.


It can also describe events which are going to happen anyway, rather than events which we choose to make happen.

  • I won’t bother to fix a time to see you, because I’ll be calling into the office anyway several times next week.


In some contexts future continuous also sounds more polite than will.

  • Will you be going to the shops later? If you go, could you get me some milk?


It can also be used to refer to fixed arrangements and plans.

  • The band will be performing live in Paris this summer.


This has both simple and continuous forms, and refers to time which we

  • look back at from a future point.
  • In two year’s time I’ll have finished the book.
  • By the end of the month, I’ll have been working for this firm for a year

Future Time: How to talk about future



Types of adverbs

  • Manner: bravely, fast, happily, hard, quickly, well
  • Place: by, down, here, near, there, up
  • Time: now, soon. still, then, today, yet
  • Frequency: always, never, occasionally, often, twice
  • Sentence: certainly, definitely, luckily, surely
  • Degree: fairly, hardly, rather, quite, too, very
  • Interrogative: when? where? why?
  • Relative: when, where, why


English Grammar: Tense

IELTS Writing

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