Grammar for IELTS Writing

Grammar for IELTS Writing

Grammar for IELTS Writing: There is actually no section to test grammar in the IELTS exam, however, you’re still tested on how well you can use grammar skills in the different modules of IELTS exam. Grammar makes 25% of your total marks in Writing and Speaking Test. However, it’s important that you use less common vocabularies, collocations, phrases and high banded phrases to increase your band score.


According to the Band Descriptor, if you want to get a band 7 in the Writing Test, you’ve to use a range of complex sentences, and produce frequent error free sentences.



To get 7 or 8 in the IELTS Writing, you have use the following sentence structure in your writing:

  • If conditionals
  • Relative Clauses
  • Provided that…
  • When ……



Use of If conditional in sentences: 

Use if + present simple to talk about а possible future action.
Use will/won’t in the main clause to talk about the result of that action.

If + sub + v + ext, s + v + ext.

For example:

  • If you come, I’ll go.
  • If you get IELTS Band 9, I’ll gift an air ticket to london.
  • If it rains, I won’t go out.
  • If the traffic in the cities are reduced, pace of productivity will be increased dramatically.
  • If the government strictly impose high tax on private cars during the peak hours, city traffic will be minimized significantly.
  • If you use more collocations and less common vocabularies both in the IELTS Speaking and Writing sections of the IELTS test, you will be able to get higher band in Lexical Resources.


If clause can also be used to express unreal condition

Structure1: If + subject + v2+extension, subject + would/could+v1+ extension.

For example:

  • If you were a kind, you could help the poor
  • If you worked hard, you would succeed.
  • If you everybody believed the oneness of Allah, there would be no racism.


Structure: If + subject + had+v3+extension, subject + would/could+have+v3+ extension.

For example:

  • If you had come early, you’d have got the train.
  • If you had worked hard, you’d have succeeded. (But since you hadn’t worked hard, so you failed)


Relative Clauses

A relative clause is one kind of dependent clause. It has a subject and verb, but can’t stand alone as a sentence. It is sometimes called an “adjective clause” because it functions like an adjective—it gives more information about a noun.

There are two types of relative clauses: one type refers to a noun or noun phrase (these are defining and non-defining relative clauses) and the other type refers to a whole sentence or clause, especially in speaking.

Relative pronouns introduce relative clauses. Relative clauses give information about а person or thing.

  • Use who for people: ВоЬ is the person who does the repairs.
  • Use which for things: А plunger is а thing which unblocks sinks.
  • Use that for people or things: She’s the person that works in reception. It’s а thing that helps уоu do your job.




You can also use comparatives to make complex sentence.

Grammar for IELTS Writing

English Tense



Connectives/Cohesive Devices


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